- 30分鐘 + 10分鐘謄寫答案到答案卷
在IELTS雅思聽力測驗中，你將會聽到不同的英語腔調: 英國腔，澳洲腔，以及美國腔，所以盡可能透過不同的管道來準備，聽各式的口語英文，例如: BBC，CNN, 以及Australian Network。在IELTS雅思聽力測驗中，你也會聽到一些人在談論些不同的狀況，例如，朋友間聊天，大學的講課，廣播節目等等。IELTS雅思聽力測 驗的準備方向，可以練習聽電視劇或是生活型態的節目，這些節目的口語英文比較不那麼正式，因此也要練習聽較嚴謹的新聞與記錄片。
- Historic period
- Example: Ancient Greece
- Household waste, 1._________ and _________ recycled
- Pre-industrial times
- 2. __________ recycled, 3. __________ used to make bricks
- 4. ___________
- Metals and cloth
- 5. ___________
- Recycling aluminium uses 6. ___________ % less energy than new production
這一類的題目，你必須要注意聽細節，以展現出你對錄音內容 - 不同事物 - 在關係上的了解。
The following statements are true about which of these products according to the dialogue?
- 7.The vast majority of this product is recycled in the UK.___
- A Batteries
- 8.Recycling this product can be dangerous___
- B Glass
- 9.It is more environmentally friendly to reuse this product than to recycle it___
- C Plastic
- 10.Different types of this product cannot be mixed together___
- D Paper
聽力測驗第三部分: 對話 (可以的話，請兩個朋友或是多一點朋友來大聲念出)
Two friends are preparing a presentation on recycling for a university course they are studying. Listen as they discuss their findings.
Toby:So Chris, have you come up with any useful information?
Chris:Well, I've been looking at some material in the library, and I've found out quite a lot on the history of recycling.
Toby:History? That could be useful in our presentation. I'd only thought of it as being a recent phenomenon.
Chris:No, far from it. Apparently we humans have been recycling for most of our history. Archaeological studies show that as far back as in ancient Greece, people were recycling household waste, tools, pottery that kind of thing.
Toby:I suppose they had to make the best use of what they had around.
Chris:Yeah. Then, studies have found that in pre-industrial times, bronze was melted down and recycled repeatedly, and ash from fires was used to make bricks.
Toby:Right. It was all relatively simple back then though. When did modern recycling as we know it really begin?
Chris:It wasn't really until the Second World War that recycling took off on an industrial scale. A lot of countries urged citizens to donate metals and cloth as part of the patriotic war effort.
Toby:Of course, I remember learning about the collections of pots and pans when I was at school.
Chris:More recently, er… let me see. Ah, yes, there was big investment in recycling inthe 1970s due to rising energy costs. They found that recycling aluminium, for example, only used 5% of the energy required to produce it from scratch.
Toby:I guess that was to do with the oil crisis back then. Right, well while you've been doing that, I've been looking at some of the products we commonly recycle today, and making notes on some of the difficulties involved.
Chris:That sounds intriguing. What have you found out so far?
Toby:Well, it seems batteries are a high priority in a lot of countries.
Toby:The main reason is they contain heavy metals and toxic chemicals which can do a lot of damage to the environment. The problem is that there are such a large variety of shapes and sizes, and that makes sorting is very difficult. They also have to be handled with extreme care.
Chris:Right, batteries. Anything else?
Toby:Yep. I've also looked at the situation with glass. I've read that it makes up a large proportion of household waste these days, but fortunately it is relatively easy to recycle; according to one of the sites I looked at 752,000 tons of glass is now recycled annually in the United Kingdom. They say it's an ideal material for recycling because it's virtually infinitely recyclable, although to be really green it's better to re-use the original bottles rather than to use recycled glass to produce new ones.
Chris:What about plastic? We get through so much of it these days.
Toby:Yeah, I know. I'm just coming to that. Unfortunately, compared to other products, plastic is quite difficult to recycle. I mean, in Britain for example, we only recycle 24% of our plastic bottles, which isn't much when you consider that 80% of paper is re-used.
Chris:That's a massive difference! Why don't they recycle more of the stuff?
Toby:Well, according to a government information sheet I downloaded, compared to other materials, recycling plastic is very complex.
Chris:Don't they just melt it down?
Toby:Yes, but the problem is that there are so many different types of plastic, and they have to be separated before they are melted down. If different types are mixed together, they separate, a bit like oil and water, and they can't be re-used.
Chris:I guess we should all just try and use fewer bottles and plastic bags.
Toby:You're probably right. Anyway, going back to paper for a minute, I've discovered that in 1972, a staggering … (fade)
- Tools, pottery
- Second World War (WW 2)